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Trouble with the neighbours

Introduction

In 1066 King Harold was defeated by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings.


This marked the end of the Anglo-Saxon era and the start of Norman rule in England. The English aristocracy were replaced by new Norman Lords including Roger Montgomery who was given most of western Sussex. He built a castle in Arundel and another in Chichester, using the City Walls as part of the castle enclosure.

Trouble with the neighbours

Chichester became the market centre for West Sussex and eventually received civic status. In the years that followed it grew to be one of the most important cities on the south coast.

But this was also a period of great uncertainty with England in and out of war with France. The south coast was vulnerable so the walls were repaired in readiness for a French invasion.

The middle ages ended with the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII, resulting in the sale of two large monastic precincts in the City. The Cathedral, now Church of England, continued to dominate the South West quadrant.

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